Annapoorna Organic, KL

how suji is manufactured 1

From Wheat to Suji: How Suji is Manufactured

Updated on October 30, 2023

Welcome to the magical world of Sooji – a versatile and staple ingredient found in a plethora of mouth-watering, traditional dishes across South Asia. An all-time favourite ingredient for both professional chefs and home cooks alike, Sooji has found its way into the hearts of food enthusiasts because of its light and fluffy texture and neutral flavour. But have you ever wondered from where suji is made or which grain is used to make suji? Hold on to your aprons and get ready for an exciting culinary journey, as we delve into the secrets of Sooji and uncover the meticulous suji making process that turns humble wheat grains into edible golden nuggets.

Raw Materials Used In Suji Making Process

Sooji, also known as semolina, is a popular ingredient in many Indian dishes, particularly sweets like halwa. The primary raw material used in the suji making process is wheat. But which type of wheat is used to make suji? Suji is made from durum wheat, which is a hard variety of wheat that is high in protein and gluten. This wheat is then harvested and cleaned of any impurities and then milled to produce wheat flour. This wheat flour is then further processed to produce sooji.

Apart from wheat, other raw materials are used in the suji making process as well. For example, mung dal and chickpeas can also make different varieties of sooji. Even carrots can be used as a raw material to add flavour and colour to sooji.

It is important to use quality raw materials in the suji making process. The quality of raw materials directly affects the quality of the final product. The wheat used in the manufacturing process should be of high quality and should be tested for any impurities or contaminants. Using poor quality raw materials can cause a subpar product that is not only unappetising but can also be harmful to consume.

Cleaning Process

The first step in the cleaning process for suji manufacturing is pre-cleaning. This involves the removal of any foreign material such as stones, sticks, and other impurities from the wheat. The wheat is passed through a series of machines that separate the kernels from any foreign matter. The pre-cleaning process ensures that only clean wheat passes into the main cleaning process.

The main cleaning process is essential for ensuring that the wheat is free from any impurities that may affect the quality of the final product. During the main cleaning process, the wheat is sorted based on its size, shape, and weight. It is passed through a series of machines that remove any remaining impurities such as husk, dust, and chaff. The wheat is also washed and dried to remove any moisture.

The cleaning process is of utmost importance in ensuring the quality of sooji. Any impurities present in the wheat can affect the taste, texture, and colour of the final product. The presence of impurities in the wheat can also affect the shelf life of the product, making it susceptible to spoilage and contamination.

Milling Process

The milling process is a critical step in the suji manufacturing process. During this process, wheat is ground to produce flour, which is then further processed to produce sooji.

The milling process is a critical step in the semolina manufacturing process. During this process, wheat is ground to produce flour, which is then further processed to produce sooji.

Different Stages Of Milling

The milling process involves several stages, each of which contributes to the quality of the final product. The first stage is the cleaning process, which removes any foreign matter such as stones, sticks, and other impurities. The second stage is the conditioning process, in which the wheat is dampened to soften the outer layer, making it easier to remove during the subsequent milling process. The third stage is the milling process itself, in which the wheat is ground into flour. The flour is then sifted to separate the different particles according to size.

Types Of Mills Used For Sooji Manufacturing

There are several types of mills used for the manufacturing of sooji, including stone mills, roller mills, and impact mills. Stone mills are traditional and use natural stones to grind the wheat into flour. Roller mills use metal rollers to crush the wheat into flour, while impact mills use high-speed rotating blades to break the wheat into flour.

Factors Affecting The Quality Of Sooji

Several factors can affect the quality of sooji during the milling process. One of the most important factors is the quality of the wheat used. The wheat must be of consistent quality and free from any impurities to ensure a high-quality product. The type of mill used can also affect the quality of the final product. Stone mills produce flour that is coarser, while roller mills produce finer flour. Finally, the speed at which the milling process occurs can also affect the quality of the final product. Too fast a milling process can result in overheating of the wheat, affecting the taste and texture of the final product.

Sorting And Grading Process

Sooji manufacturing process involves sorting and grading as crucial steps to ensure the final product’s uniform quality and consistency. Sorting and grading help remove any impurities that may have escaped previous cleaning and milling steps. Sooji particles are sorted based on size, colour, and purity, ensuring uniform size, essential for proper cooking. Various equipment such as sieves, screens, air classifiers, and optical sorters are used to separate the particles based on size, density, and colour. Quality control measures such as visual inspections, skilled operators, use of advanced technology help ensure the final product’s consistency and accuracy. High-quality sooji products that meet the consumers’ expectations and are safe for consumption are the ultimate purpose of sorting and grading processes.

Packaging And Storage

Packaging serves a crucial role in maintaining the quality and safety of sooji. Proper packaging helps to protect the final product from moisture, dirt, and other contaminants. It also serves as a barrier to external elements that could adversely affect the quality and shelf-life of the product.

Various materials can be used for packaging, such as polypropylene bags, paper bags, and plastic containers. The choice of packaging material depends on factors such as the desired shelf-life, the product’s sensitivity to light, and the product’s intended use.

Proper storage conditions are essential to maintain the quality of sooji. Sooji should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight and moisture. Proper storage conditions help to prevent the product from spoiling or developing mould, which affects its quality and shelf-life. It is also important to store sooji away from any strong-smelling products, as it can absorb odours that could affect its flavour.

Quality Control Measures

Quality Control Measures High-quality sooji products rely heavily on effective quality control measures throughout the suji manufacturing process. These measures are essential to ensure consistency, safety, and compliance with relevant food safety standards. Various quality control measures are in place during different stages of the manufacturing process, such as cleaning, milling, sorting, and packaging.

Visual inspections, skilled operators, and the use of advanced technology are the primary quality control measures used in sooji manufacturing. Operators inspect the raw materials and the finished products, looking for any signs of abnormality. They also use various testing methods to ensure that the product meets the required quality specifications. Advanced technology, such as near-infrared spectroscopy, is increasingly being used to monitor product quality in real-time.


Sooji is a versatile ingredient that has become an integral part of many cuisines worldwide. Understanding how suji is manufactured is crucial to appreciate the efforts that go into making quality Sooji. From the selection of raw materials to the packaging and storage, every step in the suji manufacturing process plays a crucial role in ensuring the quality of the end product. As consumers, we have the power to demand quality Sooji products made through ethical and sustainable manufacturing practices. So let us attempt to support and try Sooji products made with quality manufacturing processes to enjoy its unique taste and reap the nutritional benefits it offers.


What Are The Raw Materials For Suji?

Suji, also known as semolina, is a type of wheat flour that is commonly used in Indian cuisine to make dishes such as upma, halwa, and dhokla. The raw material for suji is durum wheat, which is a hard variety of wheat that is high in protein and gluten.

Is Sooji Made From Maida?

No, sooji is not made from maida. Maida is a type of refined wheat flour, while sooji is made from semolina.

Which Plant Is Suji From?

Suji is made from durum wheat. This wheat is ground into a coarse flour, which is then sifted to remove any impurities and create the final suji product. Durum wheat is primarily grown in the Mediterranean region, particularly in countries such as Italy, Morocco, and Turkey.

How Is Sooji Made From Wheat?

Sooji is made from durum wheat grains. The wheat grains are first cleaned and conditioned. Then they undergo milling which creates a coarse flour. This flour is sifted to separate out the fine semolina granules. The semolina is further processed, purified and dried to produce the final suji product from wheat.

How Is Sooji Extracted?

Sooji is extracted from the endosperm of the durum wheat grain through a process of grinding and sifting. The wheat is milled into a coarse flour, then passed through sieves to extract the fine semolina particles, leaving behind the bran and germ. This semolina is then further refined to obtain the finished suji/semolina.

What Is Suji Made Of?

Suji, also called rava or semolina, is made from durum wheat. Specifically, it is extracted from the endosperm of durum wheat grains. Durum wheat has high protein and gluten content that gives suji its distinctive texture.

Is Suji Better Than Wheat?

It is difficult to say whether suji is better than wheat, as they are different types of ingredients with their own pros and cons. Suji has a finer texture and can be easier to digest than whole wheat. But wheat offers more complete nutrition with fiber, vitamins etc. The choice depends on one’s dietary needs.

Is Suji Healthy Or Wheat?

Both suji and wheat have their own nutritional benefits. Suji is gluten-free and quick cooking but lower in fiber than wheat. Wheat has more protein, fiber and micronutrients but may not suit gluten intolerance. The healthiest option depends on individual nutritional requirements.

How Suji Is Manufactured?

The semolina manufacturing process involves: cleaning and conditioning the durum wheat, milling the wheat in roller mills to get coarse particles, sifting with sieves and purifiers to separate semolina from bran, refining further for uniform size and purity, quality checks and packaging.

How Suji Is Made In Factory?

In factories, the durum wheat undergoes cleaning, conditioning, milling, sifting, refining, quality checks and packaging to produce the final suji/semolina product. Automated processes and machinery help streamline the manufacturing stages for large scale production.

Where Is Suji Made From?

Suji is commonly used in dishes like upma, halwa and desserts. It is produced from durum wheat in flour mills and factories specialized in wheat processing. The main suji manufacturing regions are in the Mediterranean and South Asia.

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